Sex Ratio in India

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India. In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 940 females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males. Since decades India has seen a decrease in the sex ratio 2011, but since the last two of the decades there has been in slight increase in the sex ratio. Since the last five decades the sex ratio has been moving around 930 of females to that of 1000 of males.

The major cause of the decrease of the female birth ratio in India is considered to be the violent treatments meted out to the girl child at the time of the birth. The Sex Ratio in India was almost normal during the phase of the years of independence, but thereafter it started showing gradual signs of decrease. Though the Sex Ratio in India has gone through commendable signs of improvement in the past 10 years, there are still some states where the sex ratio is still low and is a cause of concern for the NGO organizations. One of the states which is showing a decreasing trend in the population of women 2011 and is a cause of concern is Haryana. The state of Haryana has the lowest rate of sex ratio in India and the figure shows a number of 877 of females to that of 1000 of males.

There are also states such as Puducherry and Kerala where the number of women is more than the number of men. Kerala houses a number of 1084 females to that of 1000 males. While Puducherry and Kerala are the only two states where the number of female is more than the number of men, there are also states in India like that of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra where the sex ratio 2011 is showing considerable signs of improvement. Some facts related to the Sex Ratio in India follows, the main cause of the decline of the sex ration in India is due to the biased attitude which is meted out to the women. The main cause of this gender bias is inadequate education. Pondicherry and Kerala houses the maximum number of female while the regions of Daman and Diu and Haryana have the lowest density of female population.
2011 Census 2001 Census
- India 943 919 933 927
1 Kerala 1084 964 1058 965
2 Puducherry 1037 967 1001 913
3 Tamil Nadu 996 943 986 959
4 Andhra Pradesh 993 939 978 896
5 Manipur 992 936 978 975
6 Chhattisgarh 991 969 990 868
7 Meghalaya 989 970 975 932
8 Orissa 979 941 972 979
9 Mizoram 976 970 938 883
10 Goa 973 942 960 963
11 Karnataka 973 948 964 973
12 Himachal Pradesh 972 909 970 957
13 Uttarakhand 963 890 964 967
14 Tripura 960 957 950 960
15 Assam 958 962 932 845
16 West Bengal 950 956 934 957
17 Jharkhand 948 948 941 966
18 Lakshadweep 946 911 947 960
19 Arunachal Pradesh 938 972 901 798
20 Nagaland 931 943 909 926
21 Madhya Pradesh 931 918 920 965
22 Maharashtra 929 894 922 953
23 Rajasthan 928 888 922 946
24 Gujarat 919 890 921 964
25 Bihar 918 935 921 908
26 Uttar Pradesh 912 902 898 942
27 Punjab 895 846 874 961
28 Sikkim 890 957 875 938
29 Jammu and Kashmir 889 862 900 964
30 Haryana 879 834 861 964
31 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 876 968 846 941
32 Delhi 868 871 821 942
33 Chandigarh 818 880 773 819
34 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 774 926 811 909
35 Daman and Diu 618 904 709 916

1 Delhi 11,320
2 Chandigarh 9,258
3 Puducherry 2,547
4 Daman and Diu 2,191
5 Lakshadweep 2,149
1 Mumbai 18,414,288
2 Delhi 16,314,838
3 Kolkata 14,112,536
4 Chennai 8,696,010
5 Bangalore 8,499,399
1 Kerala 94.00
2 Lakshadweep 91.85
3 Mizoram 91.33
4 Goa 88.70
5 Tripura 87.22
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