Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011

Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is one of the most important states in the country and is the 11th largest in terms of area. The state is the seventh most populous state in the country and its main language Tamil has origins that date back to 500 BC. Chennai is the capital of Tamil Nadu and lies on the eastern coast line of India. Tamil Nadu is famous for its wonderful temples and monuments that have been built 1000s of years ago and has places that have been marked as heritage sites by the United Nations. In a 180 degree paradigm shift, this state with a rich historical importance is also one of the fastest developing centre for technology and trade.

The Population of Tamil Nadu according to the 2011 census stands at about 72 million which is not as huge as compared to some of the other big states in the country. This also reflects in the fact that the density of the state is about 555 which is on the higher side greater than the national average by about 150 points. The state has a growth rate of about 15 percent which will continue to rise due to the rise in infrastructure and development index of the state as a whole. Thus the population of the state is rising considerably given the progress in the state. The literacy rate in the state is about 80% which is a very positive stat much above the national average but something the state has worked hard on. The statistics in the Tamil Nadu Census 2011 reveal facts that can be taken into consideration by the government in a bid to further its development. The sex ratio in the state stands at 995 which is a big positive as the number exceeds the national average.

The capital city which is also the largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu is Chennai. The languages spoken in the Tamil Nadu state includes Tamil. In total Tamil Nadu (TN) state comprises 32 districts. The ISOCODE assigned by International Organization for Standardization for Tamil Nadu state is TN.

Tamil Nadu Population 2011

As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 7.21 Crores, an increase from figure of 6.24 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Tamil Nadu as per 2011 census is 72,147,030 of which male and female are 36,137,975 and 36,009,055 respectively. In 2001, total population was 62,405,679 in which males were 31,400,909 while females were 31,004,770.

Tamil Nadu Population Growth Rate

The total population growth in this decade was 15.61 percent while in previous decade it was 11.19 percent. The population of Tamil Nadu forms 5.96 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 6.07 percent.

Tamil Nadu Literacy Rate 2011

Literacy rate in Tamil Nadu has seen upward trend and is 80.09 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 86.77 percent while female literacy is at 73.14 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Tamil Nadu stood at 73.45 percent of which male and female were 83.28 percent and 64.91 percent literate respectively.

In actual numbers, total literates in Tamil Nadu stands at 51,837,507 of which males were 28,040,491 and females were 23,797,016.

Tamil Nadu Density 2011

Total area of Tamil Nadu is 130,060 sq. km. Density of Tamil Nadu is 555 per sq km which is higher than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Tamil Nadu was 480 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km.

Tamil Nadu Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio in Tamil Nadu is 996 i.e. for each 1000 male, which is below national average of 940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 986 per 1000 males in Tamil Nadu.

Description 2011 2001
Approximate Population 7.21 Crores 6.24 Crore
Actual Population 72,147,030 62,405,679
Male 36,137,975 31,400,909
Female 36,009,055 31,004,770
Population Growth 15.61% 11.19%
Percantage of total Population 5.96% 6.07%
Sex Ratio 996 986
Child Sex Ratio 943 959
Density/km2 555 480
Density/mi2 1,437 1,243
Area km2 130,060 130,058
Area mi2 50,216 50,216
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 7,423,832 7,235,160
Male Population (0-6 Age) 3,820,276 3,725,616
Female Population (0-6 Age) 3,603,556 3,509,544
Literacy 80.09 % 73.45 %
Male Literacy 86.77 % 83.28 %
Female Literacy 73.14 % 64.91 %
Total Literate 51,837,507 40,524,545
Male Literate 28,040,491 22,809,662
Female Literate 23,797,016 17,714,883

Tamil Nadu Urban Population 2011

Out of total population of Tamil Nadu, 48.40% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 34,917,440 of which 17,458,910 are males and while remaining 17,458,530 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 48.40 percent.

Sex Ratio in urban regions of Tamil Nadu was 1000 females per 1000 males. For child (0-6) sex ratio the figure for urban region stood at 952 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Tamil Nadu were 3,512,530. Of total population in urban region, 10.06 % were children (0-6).

Average Literacy rate in Tamil Nadu for Urban regions was 87.04 percent in which males were 91.80% literate while female literacy stood at 82.31%. Total literates in urban region of Tamil Nadu were 27,335,312.

Tamil Nadu Rural Population 2011

Of the total population of Tamil Nadu state, around 51.60 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 18,679,065 and 18,550,525 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Tamil Nadu state was 37,229,590. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 51.60%.

In rural regions of Tamil Nadu state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 993 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 936 girls per 1000 boys. In Tamil Nadu, 3,911,302 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Child population forms 10.51 percent of total rural population.

In rural areas of Tamil Nadu, literacy rate for males and female stood at 82.04 % and 64.55 %. Average literacy rate in Tamil Nadu for rural areas was 73.54 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 24,502,195.
Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 51.60 % 48.40 %
Total Population 37,229,590 34,917,440
Male Population 18,679,065 17,458,910
Female Population 18,550,525 17,458,530
Population Growth 6.61 % 27.05 %
Sex Ratio 993 1000
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 936 952
Child Population (0-6) 3,911,302 3,512,530
Child Percentage (0-6) 10.51 % 10.06 %
Literates 24,502,195 27,335,312
Average Literacy 73.54 % 87.04 %
Male Literacy 82.04 % 91.80 %
Female Literacy 64.55 % 82.31 %

Tamil Nadu Census 2011 Conclusion

The official census 2011 of Tamil Nadu has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Tamil Nadu. Enumeration of key persons including Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu was also done by officials conducting population census.

Figures of population census 2011 Tamil Nadu have been represented in chart for your reference at bottom.
Large cities of Tamil Nadu Population Male Female
Chennai (Municipal Corporation) 4,681,087 2,357,633 2,323,454
Coimbatore (Municipal Corporation) 1,061,447 531,017 530,430
Madurai (Municipal Corporation) 1,016,885 509,313 507,572

Large Urban Agglomeration of Tamil Nadu Population Male Female
Chennai 8,696,010 4,389,200 4,306,810
Coimbatore 2,151,466 1,077,812 1,073,654
Madurai 1,462,420 732,861 729,559
Tiruchirappalli 1,021,717 507,180 514,537

Largest District by Population in Tamil Nadu Population Male Female
Chennai 4,646,732 2,335,844 2,310,888
Kancheepuram 3,998,252 2,012,958 1,985,294
Vellore 3,936,331 1,961,688 1,974,643
Thiruvallur 3,728,104 1,876,062 1,852,042
Salem 3,482,056 1,781,571 1,700,485
Viluppuram 3,458,873 1,740,819 1,718,054
Coimbatore 3,458,045 1,729,297 1,728,748
Tirunelveli 3,077,233 1,520,912 1,556,321
Madurai 3,038,252 1,526,475 1,511,777
Tiruchirappalli 2,722,290 1,352,284 1,370,006
Cuddalore 2,605,914 1,311,697 1,294,217
Tiruppur 2,479,052 1,246,159 1,232,893
Tiruvannamalai 2,464,875 1,235,889 1,228,986
Thanjavur 2,405,890 1,182,416 1,223,474
Erode 2,251,744 1,129,868 1,121,876
Dindigul 2,159,775 1,080,938 1,078,837
Virudhunagar 1,942,288 967,709 974,579
Krishnagiri 1,879,809 960,232 919,577
Kanniyakumari 1,870,374 926,345 944,029
Thoothukkudi 1,750,176 865,021 885,155
Namakkal 1,726,601 869,280 857,321
Pudukkottai 1,618,345 803,188 815,157
Nagapattinam 1,616,450 798,127 818,323
Dharmapuri 1,506,843 774,303 732,540
Ramanathapuram 1,353,445 682,658 670,787
Sivaganga 1,339,101 668,672 670,429
Thiruvarur 1,264,277 626,693 637,584
Theni 1,245,899 625,683 620,216
Karur 1,064,493 528,184 536,309

Related Questions

Largest District (km²)
1 Viluppuram 7194
2 Tirunelveli 6693
3 Tiruvannamalai 6188
4 Vellore 6075
5 Dindigul 6036
Percentage of Child
1 Viluppuram 11.68 %
2 Krishnagiri 11.56 %
3 Dharmapuri 11.15 %
4 Pudukkottai 11.10 %
5 Tiruvannamalai 11.06 %
High Density
1 Chennai 26553
2 Kanniyakumari 1111
3 Thiruvallur 1098
4 Kancheepuram 892
5 Madurai 819
Top Population Growth
1 Kancheepuram 38.95 %
2 Thiruvallur 35.33 %
3 Tiruppur 29.11 %
4 Krishnagiri 20.41 %
5 Coimbatore 18.56 %
High Literacy
1 Kanniyakumari 91.75 %
2 Chennai 90.18 %
3 Thoothukkudi 86.16 %
4 The Nilgiris 85.20 %
5 Kancheepuram 84.49 %
High Sex Ratio
1 The Nilgiris 1042
2 Thanjavur 1035
3 Nagapattinam 1025
4 Tirunelveli 1023
5 Thoothukkudi 1023