Bihar Population Census data 2011

Bihar

Bihar is a famous Indian state located in the northern region of the country and has a population of about 100 million. The state has produced some of the biggest political leaders in the country yet remains infamous for its lack of administration and law enforcement. The state has a population density of about 1100 people per sq. km. which is the highest among the different states in the country and second only to the union territory of New Delhi. The state has seen an alarming rise in population in recent years and many efforts to take control over the same have not borne the best of results. The Bihar Census 2011 revealed that the state has the third highest population in the country and the growth rate is 25% which exceeds the national average of about 17%. The state has a rich history and has mentions in the different historical texts and travelogues of foreign visitors to the country in ancient times.

The state is bordered by Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in the east and west respectively along with Jharkhand in the south. Its northern region is bound by the country of Nepal. Patna is the capital of Bihar and is a city of political and economic importance. The city has shown tremendous growth in the last decade but the progress in this city is yet to reflect on the other regions in the state. The sex ratio in Bihar is above 900 and thus fairly close to the national average. Bihar has a notified forest area spread over 7% of the state, which is an encouraging stat given the rampant deforestation to accommodate the ever growing population. The literacy rate in Bihar is also not at par with that of many other states in the country and various attempts are being made to improve the educational facilities and the way of life of Bihar in general.

The capital city which is also the largest city in the state of Bihar is Patna. The languages spoken in the Bihar state includes Hindi, Urdu, Maithili and Magadhi. In total Bihar (BR) state comprises 38 districts. The ISOCODE assigned by International Organization for Standardization for Bihar state is BR.

Bihar Population 2011

As per details from Census 2011, Bihar has population of 10.41 Crores, an increase from figure of 8.30 Crore in 2001 census. Total population of Bihar as per 2011 census is 104,099,452 of which male and female are 54,278,157 and 49,821,295 respectively. In 2001, total population was 82,998,509 in which males were 43,243,795 while females were 39,754,714.

Bihar Population Growth Rate

The total population growth in this decade was 25.42 percent while in previous decade it was 28.43 percent. The population of Bihar forms 8.60 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 8.07 percent.

Bihar Literacy Rate 2011

Literacy rate in Bihar has seen upward trend and is 61.80 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 71.20 percent while female literacy is at 46.40 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Bihar stood at 47.00 percent of which male and female were 59.68 percent and 33.12 percent literate respectively.

In actual numbers, total literates in Bihar stands at 52,504,553 of which males were 31,608,023 and females were 20,896,530.

Bihar Density 2011

Total area of Bihar is 94,163 sq. km. Density of Bihar is 1,106 per sq km which is higher than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Bihar was 881 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km.

Bihar Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio in Bihar is 918 i.e. for each 1000 male, which is below national average of 940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 921 per 1000 males in Bihar.

Description 2011 2001
Approximate Population 10.41 Crores 8.30 Crore
Actual Population 104,099,452 82,998,509
Male 54,278,157 43,243,795
Female 49,821,295 39,754,714
Population Growth 25.42% 28.43%
Percantage of total Population 8.60% 8.07%
Sex Ratio 918 921
Child Sex Ratio 935 908
Density/km2 1,106 881
Density/mi2 2,863 2,283
Area km2 94,163 94,163
Area mi2 36,357 36,357
Total Child Population (0-6 Age) 19,133,964 16,806,063
Male Population (0-6 Age) 9,887,239 8,652,705
Female Population (0-6 Age) 9,246,725 8,153,358
Literacy 61.80 % 47.00 %
Male Literacy 71.20 % 59.68 %
Female Literacy 46.40 % 33.12 %
Total Literate 52,504,553 31,109,577
Male Literate 31,608,023 20,644,376
Female Literate 20,896,530 10,465,201

Bihar Urban Population 2011

Out of total population of Bihar, 11.29% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 11,758,016 of which 6,204,307 are males and while remaining 5,553,709 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 11.29 percent.

Sex Ratio in urban regions of Bihar was 895 females per 1000 males. For child (0-6) sex ratio the figure for urban region stood at 912 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Bihar were 1,750,263. Of total population in urban region, 14.89 % were children (0-6).

Average Literacy rate in Bihar for Urban regions was 76.86 percent in which males were 82.56% literate while female literacy stood at 61.95%. Total literates in urban region of Bihar were 7,692,401.

Bihar Rural Population 2011

Of the total population of Bihar state, around 88.71 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 48,073,850 and 44,267,586 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Bihar state was 92,341,436. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 88.71%.

In rural regions of Bihar state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 921 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 938 girls per 1000 boys. In Bihar, 17,383,701 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Child population forms 18.83 percent of total rural population.

In rural areas of Bihar, literacy rate for males and female stood at 69.67 % and 44.30 %. Average literacy rate in Bihar for rural areas was 59.78 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 44,812,152.
Description Rural Urban
Population (%) 88.71 % 11.29 %
Total Population 92,341,436 11,758,016
Male Population 48,073,850 6,204,307
Female Population 44,267,586 5,553,709
Population Growth 24.25 % 35.43 %
Sex Ratio 921 895
Child Sex Ratio (0-6) 938 912
Child Population (0-6) 17,383,701 1,750,263
Child Percentage (0-6) 18.83 % 14.89 %
Literates 44,812,152 7,692,401
Average Literacy 59.78 % 76.86 %
Male Literacy 69.67 % 82.56 %
Female Literacy 44.30 % 61.95 %

Bihar Census 2011 Conclusion

The official census 2011 of Bihar has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Bihar. Enumeration of key persons including Chief Minister of Bihar was also done by officials conducting population census.

Figures of population census 2011 Bihar have been represented in chart for your reference at bottom.
Large cities of Bihar Population Male Female
Patna (Municipal Corporation) 1,683,200 894,158 789,042

Large Urban Agglomeration of Bihar Population Male Female
Patna 2,046,652 1,087,864 958,788

Largest District by Population in Bihar Population Male Female
Patna 5,838,465 3,078,512 2,759,953
Purbi Champaran 5,099,371 2,681,209 2,418,162
Muzaffarpur 4,801,062 2,527,497 2,273,565
Madhubani 4,487,379 2,329,313 2,158,066
Gaya 4,391,418 2,266,566 2,124,852
Samastipur 4,261,566 2,230,003 2,031,563
Saran 3,951,862 2,022,821 1,929,041
Darbhanga 3,937,385 2,059,949 1,877,436
Pashchim Champaran 3,935,042 2,061,110 1,873,932
Vaishali 3,495,021 1,844,535 1,650,486
Sitamarhi 3,423,574 1,803,252 1,620,322
Siwan 3,330,464 1,675,090 1,655,374
Purnia 3,264,619 1,699,370 1,565,249
Katihar 3,071,029 1,600,430 1,470,599
Bhagalpur 3,037,766 1,615,663 1,422,103
Begusarai 2,970,541 1,567,660 1,402,881
Rohtas 2,959,918 1,543,546 1,416,372
Nalanda 2,877,653 1,497,060 1,380,593
Araria 2,811,569 1,463,333 1,348,236
Bhojpur 2,728,407 1,430,380 1,298,027
Gopalganj 2,562,012 1,267,666 1,294,346
Aurangabad 2,540,073 1,318,684 1,221,389
Supaul 2,229,076 1,155,283 1,073,793
Nawada 2,219,146 1,144,668 1,074,478
Banka 2,034,763 1,067,140 967,623
Madhepura 2,001,762 1,047,559 954,203
Saharsa 1,900,661 997,174 903,487
Jamui 1,760,405 916,064 844,341
Buxar 1,706,352 887,977 818,375
Kishanganj 1,690,400 866,970 823,430
Khagaria 1,666,886 883,786 783,100
Kaimur 1,626,384 847,006 779,378
Munger 1,367,765 729,041 638,724
Jehanabad 1,125,313 585,582 539,731
Lakhisarai 1,000,912 526,345 474,567


Related Questions

Largest District (km²)
1 Pashchim Champaran 5228
2 Gaya 4976
3 Purbi Champaran 3968
4 Rohtas 3881
5 Madhubani 3501
Percentage of Child
1 Araria 20.55 %
2 Kishanganj 20.52 %
3 Khagaria 20.45 %
4 Saharsa 20.39 %
5 Madhepura 20.21 %
High Density
1 Sheohar 1880
2 Patna 1823
3 Darbhanga 1728
4 Vaishali 1717
5 Begusarai 1549
Top Population Growth
1 Madhepura 31.12 %
2 Kishanganj 30.40 %
3 Araria 30.25 %
4 Khagaria 30.19 %
5 Purbi Champaran 29.43 %
High Literacy
1 Rohtas 73.37 %
2 Patna 70.68 %
3 Bhojpur 70.47 %
4 Munger 70.46 %
5 Aurangabad 70.32 %
High Sex Ratio
1 Gopalganj 1021
2 Siwan 988
3 Saran 954
4 Kishanganj 950
5 Nawada 939