Meghalaya: literally meaning the dwelling of clouds. Hills reaching to the clouds, waterfalls, crystal clear lakes, caves and forests are the nature's signatures on the land of Meghalaya. The far Indian state spreads over about a small area of 20000 kilometer square. There are only about 100 people living in a kilometer square of area in Meghalaya, making it a low density region. Approximately 30 lacs of population reside in the naturally gifted land, which makes the state of Meghalaya one of the states in India with lowest population. In spite of the low density and population of Meghalaya, it is worth noticing that, the state has a rapid population growth rate, and has the third fastest growing population in India, according to the Meghalaya census 2011.
The gender ratio in Meghalaya ranks average along with many other states. But there has been a definite increase in the ratio, since the 2001 census, which means the number of females in the state's been increasing. The state has a low literacy rate, but has grown by over 10 % in the last decade. At the same time, the percentage of female literacy has been drastically increased. So, Females aren't so far behind the other gender when it comes to letters. As with many north-east states of India, lack of urbanization exists here as well. About 80% population lives in the rural area while only a small portion has moved to the urban land. But maybe that's why this part of the country is rich in culture and nature even today, without the cosmopolitan mix. Shillong is the well known capital of Meghalaya. Another important part of Meghalaya is Cherapunjee, which boasts a grand rainfall every year, making it the rainiest place. The culture of Meghalaya possesses a nice blend of folktales, the khasi language, colorful festivities and ethnic dance forms and equally colorful attires.
Meghalaya Table Data
|Percantage of total Population
|Child Sex Ratio
|Total Child Population (0-6 Age)
|Male Population (0-6 Age)
|Female Population (0-6 Age)
Meghalaya Population 2011
As per details from Census 2011, Meghalaya has population of 29.67 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 23.19 Lakh in 2001 census. Total population of Meghalaya as per 2011 census is 2,966,889 of which male and female are 1,491,832 and 1,475,057 respectively. In 2001, total population was 2,318,822 in which males were 1,176,087 while females were 1,142,735.
The total population growth in this decade was 27.95 percent while in previous decade it was 29.94 percent. The population of Meghalaya forms 0.25 percent of India in 2011. In 2001, the figure was 0.23 percent.
The capital city which is also the largest city in the state of Meghalaya is Shillong.
The languages spoken in the Meghalaya state includes Khasi, Pnar, Garo, Hindi and English. In total Meghalaya (ML) state comprises 7 districts. The ISOCODE assigned by International Organization for Standardization for Meghalaya state is ML.
Meghalaya Literacy Rate 2011
Literacy rate in Meghalaya has seen upward trend and is 74.43 percent as per 2011 population census. Of that, male literacy stands at 75.95 percent while female literacy is at 72.89 percent. In 2001, literacy rate in Meghalaya stood at 62.56 percent of which male and female were 65.43 percent and 59.61 percent literate respectively.
In actual numbers, total literates in Meghalaya stands at 1,785,005 of which males were 913,879 and females were 871,126.
Meghalaya Density 2011
Total area of Meghalaya is 22,429 sq. km. Density of Meghalaya is 132 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. In 2001, density of Meghalaya was 103 per sq km, while nation average in 2001 was 324 per sq km.
Meghalaya Sex Ratio
Sex Ratio in Meghalaya is 989 i.e. for each 1000 male, which is below national average of 940 as per census 2011. In 2001, the sex ratio of female was 972 per 1000 males in Meghalaya.
Meghalaya Religious Data
Lot of viewers are asking us to provide religion's data of Meghalaya state. Most important question of all is what is the current population of Hindus, Muslim, Sikhs and Christian in state of Meghalaya. But Govt. of India is yet to release full religious data of Meghalaya state. Once it is released, we will provide the detailed information on this page of Meghalaya Population Census 2011.
Meghalaya Population 2015
What is the population of Meghalaya in 2015 ? The question though legimate has no answer. The last census of Meghalaya was done in 2011 and next would be in 2021. As per 2011 population of Meghalaya state was 2,966,889.
Meghalaya Urban/Rural Population 2011
|Child Sex Ratio (0-6)
|Child Population (0-6)
|Child Percentage (0-6)
Meghalaya Urban Population 2011
Out of total population of Meghalaya, 20.07% people live in urban regions. The total figure of population living in urban areas is 595,450 of which 297,572 are males and while remaining 297,878 are females. The urban population in the last 10 years has increased by 20.07 percent.
Sex Ratio in urban regions of Meghalaya was 1001 females per 1000 males. For child (0-6) sex ratio the figure for urban region stood at 954 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0-6 age) living in urban areas of Meghalaya were 77,944. Of total population in urban region, 13.09 % were children (0-6).
Average Literacy rate in Meghalaya for Urban regions was 90.79 percent in which males were 92.46% literate while female literacy stood at 89.24%. Total literates in urban region of Meghalaya were 469,851.
Meghalaya Rural Population 2011
Of the total population of Meghalaya state, around 79.93 percent live in the villages of rural areas. In actual numbers, males and females were 1,194,260 and 1,177,179 respectively. Total population of rural areas of Meghalaya state was 2,371,439. The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 79.93%.
In rural regions of Meghalaya state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 986 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 972 girls per 1000 boys. In Meghalaya, 490,592 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Child population forms 20.69 percent of total rural population.
In rural areas of Meghalaya, literacy rate for males and female stood at 71.46 % and 67.15 %. Average literacy rate in Meghalaya for rural areas was 69.92 percent. Total literates in rural areas were 1,315,154.
Meghalaya Metropolitan/City Population
|Large cities of Meghalaya
|Shillong (Municipal Board)
|Large Urban Agglomeration of Meghalaya
|There is no Metropolitan Region having population above 1 Lakh
Meghalaya Districts Population
|Largest District by Population in Meghalaya
|East Khasi Hills
|West Garo Hills
|West Khasi Hills
|East Garo Hills
|South Garo Hills
Meghalaya Census 2011 Conclusion
The official census 2011 of Meghalaya has been conducted by Directorate of Census Operations in Meghalaya. Enumeration of key persons including Chief Minister of Meghalaya was also done by officials conducting population census.
Figures of population census 2011 Meghalaya have been represented in chart for your reference at bottom.